Sunday, December 31, 2017

Reflections on the New Testament: Matthew

“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven,” Matt. 5:17-20, NKJV.

Herein Jesus identifies Himself as the fulfillment of the law. He also presents something of a riddle: He declares that whoever breaks even one small portion of the law shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven. In saying this, He implies that such a person may be within the kingdom of heaven despite his/her crime, but in the following verse He declares that one’s righteousness must exceed that of the scribes and Pharisees, who are blameless according to the law, in order for one to enter the kingdom of heaven. He then compares the letter of the law with the true spirit thereof, and, in so doing, clearly illustrates that the Pharisees’ “righteousness” does not even begin to approach God’s standard:

“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.’ But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’ shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire,” Matt. 5:21-22.

“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart,” Matt. 5:28-28.

“Furthermore it has been said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’ But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery,” Matt. 5:31-32.
The point being made is that corrupt man is incapable of truly fulfilling God’s law or remotely approaching His perfect standard. Man cannot attain true righteousness through works: this is the whole premise of Jesus Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection, and the explanation behind His previous statement: “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.” The LORD God demands perfection; the scribes and Pharisees aspired to an external, superficial perfection through the law, but could never overcome the natural imperfection of the human spirit. Indeed, Jesus illustrates through His descriptions of the complexity and deeper meanings of the law, that even that outward perfection is virtually unattainable for mortal man. Nevertheless, such is the lofty standard the LORD God sets for us. The closing statement of Jesus in this chapter is: “Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect” (Matt.5:48)—far be it from us to perceive this as a commandment, as if we could, by our own might, be made perfect just as God is perfect! No, indeed! Rather, our Lord herein sets the tone for His redeeming work—for in His blood and by the Holy Spirit we are made perfect, and the law is fulfilled.

Thursday, November 30, 2017

Reflections on the New Testament: Matthew

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven,” Matt. 5:3, NKJV.

What is meant by the phrase, “poor in spirit,” that it should here be particularly applied to the children of God? Firstly, is not “poor in spirit” an accurate description of humanity in general? Nevertheless, only those who acknowledge this poverty and submit to God shall enter the kingdom of heaven.

“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted,” Matt. 5:4.

Those who suffer at present shall have the greater joy in the end. Recall a similar passage in Ecclesiastes, which states: “Better to go to the house of mourning that to go the house of feasting, for that is the end of all men; and the living will take it to heart,” (Ecc.7:2). Mourning is a sign of humility, and is a word often used in the Old Testament to indicate the brokenness of a righteous person upon recognizing his or her sin. Feasting, on the other hand, is a Biblical term commonly associated with self-indulgence and worldly pleasure; it is perhaps most succinctly described by the phrase: “Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die!” Those who “feast” view death as the ultimate end, and so comfort themselves with the temporal pleasures of this world; those who mourn face death, are humbled and terrified, and turn not to pleasure, but to evaluation of life and pursuance of purpose. The Lord Jesus promises these “shall be comforted”—for is not the Lord Jesus life, purpose, and comfort embodied?

“Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth,” Matt.5:5.

What does it mean to be meek? The original Greek word for meek is “praus,” which was commonly used to describe a well-broken war horse. The implications of submissiveness which the English translation possesses are certainly accurate, but we must understand that, in the given context, they are not intended to be applied to our interactions with mankind, but to our relationship with Jesus Christ, the Master. While gentleness and humility in all things are certainly relevant, the superseding principle is to uphold righteousness and oppose wickedness—mildly or vehemently as the case demands.

“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled,” Matt.5:6.

Those who hunger and thirst for righteousness are those who have received the Holy Spirit and do not quench it, but submit to it and are filled with the power of God. Blessed, indeed, are they.

“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy,” Matt.5:7.

Does not the Lord also teach that with whatever measure we use, it shall be measured back to us; that as we judge, so shall we be judged, and that if we refuse to forgive our brother, neither will the Lord Jesus forgive us? So the pattern continues in this verse: if we are merciful to others, we ourselves shall be rewarded with mercy—if not by man, certainly by God.

“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God,” Matt.5:8.

Who is pure in heart, save those who are cleansed by Christ? And those who are cleansed cross over the gulf between man and God as one in Christ. God’s glory is not hidden from them, but they see Him, and cry out, “Abba, Father!”

“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God,” Matt.5:9.

How are we to be peacemakers, when we carry the sword of the Word, are clad in armor, and engage perpetually in spiritual warfare? Indeed, our Lord Himself declared: “Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword,” (Matt.10:34). The fact of the matter is: those who desire peace must first obtain victory. To attempt to make peace at this point in the spiritual war would be a futile and wicked attempt to reconcile good and evil. True peace ensues when evil is conquered. Since the army of the Lord is assured this victory, those who carry His sword and banner are peacemakers, and “shall be called sons of God.”

“Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven,” Matt.5:10.
Blessed are they—for to them belong salvation, eternal life, and all the majesties of the kingdom of God. In light of this, what is persecution? Merely a reminder that we are not of this world, but of the church of God.

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Reflections on the New Testament: Matthew

“Then Jerusalem, all Judea, and all the region around the Jordan went out to [John] and were baptized by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, ‘Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?’” Matt. 3:5-7, NKJV.

Note the contrast here: that John baptized the people, who eagerly went out to him and confessed, but rebuked the religious leaders the instant he saw them approaching! The reason for this is simple, and, indeed, is addressed all throughout the gospels. The Pharisees and Sadducees adhered to the Law, and eagerly embraced its requirement of human effort as a means of self-glorification. They mistakenly believed that this outward display of religiosity was sufficient to gain righteousness—in short, that no divine intervention was necessary. To this, King Solomon soundly replies in Proverbs 26:12, “Do you see a man wise in his own eyes? There is more hope for a fool than for him.” The fool who humbles himself and confesses his sins shall be baptized—not by water only, but by the Holy Spirit. These have fled the wrath to come and, by the grace of God, have indeed escaped. But the self-righteous scoff at the wrath to come, believing they have already delivered themselves from it. There is nothing so dangerous as a false assurance of salvation. Do you indeed trust in human morality? You are still in your sins. “Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?” For flee you must.

“Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance, and do not think to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. And even now the ax is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire,” Matt. 3:8-12.

“Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterward He was hungry. Now when the tempter came to him, he said, ‘If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.’ But He answered and said, ‘It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’ Then the devil took Him up into the holy city, set Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, ‘If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down. For it is written: He shall give His angels charge over you, and, In their hands they shall bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone.’ Jesus said to him, ‘It is written again, You shall not tempt the LORD your God.’ Again, the devil took Him up on an exceedingly high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to Him, ‘All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me.’ Then Jesus said to him, ‘Away with you, Satan! For it is written, You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve.’ Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him,” Matt. 4:1-11, NKJV.
There are a number of remarkable things contained in this passage. To begin with, note that the conversation between Jesus and the devil consists almost entirely of quoted Scriptures. Jesus, fittingly, begins this trend; Satan then cunningly uses two verses, but, naturally, uses them incorrectly and is refuted by Jesus with yet another verse. As Christians, we will certainly be led “into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil”—will we be able to argue as Jesus argued? It is essential that we know the entirety of Scripture and be able to reconcile each truth as part of a whole, that we may be able to refute those who take one truth and twist it away from the rest. Moreover, notice what is said in verse 11: “Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him.” Herein is revealed the correct interpretation of the statement, “He shall give His angels charge over you”! The Scriptures which the devil quoted are by no means false, but were placed in a blasphemous context. It was this context which the Lord refuted by saying “You shall not tempt the LORD your God.” When the devil departed and Jesus was no longer tempted or challenged, the angels came and ministered unto Him. “Every word of God proves true,” and all reconcile to one another to form a living and powerful whole. The devil separates these truths to form lies, and, in so doing, separates the church.

Sunday, October 1, 2017

Reflections on the New Testament 

The book of Matthew begins with the genealogy of Jesus Christ—and it is wondrous to note that the salvation message is proclaimed even in this. That our Savior should be descended from a line of sinners (not contaminated by them, for He was born of a virgin)—sinners whom God predestined to be the direct ancestors of the One who was to wash away their sin once and for all. In this genealogy, it is clearly shown that man is sinful, but God is merciful and mighty to save, able to use the meanest of vessels for His glory. Note that the first three verses make no mention of any female ancestor, but of the male only. Then note verse 3: “Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar…” and verse 5: “Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse.” Here we are compelled to acknowledge that Rahab the harlot and Ruth the Moabitess were instrumental in bringing forth the Messiah. Our God is no respecter of persons! But is able to redeem all.

Furthermore, note verse 6: “…and Jesse begot David the king. David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah.” Was not David a righteous man? Yes, indeed—but in verse 6 we are reminded that his righteousness was “a gift from God, not of works”—for his own works were evil. Doubtless, if we continued down the list of names, we would find message after message of redemption and, indeed, each name reminds us that God is able to use weak and broken vessels for His glory.

The great importance of the Old Testament is continually reaffirmed throughout the New Testament—particularly in the fulfillment of the prophecies throughout the gospels. God’s orchestration of events toward that end is made abundantly clear by the writers of the gospels. Notice the following verses:
“So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: ‘Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,’ which is translated, ‘God with us,’” Matt. 1:22-23, NKJV.

“So they said to him, ‘In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is written by the prophet: But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are not the least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you shall come a Ruler who will shepherd My people Israel,” Matt. 2:5-6, NKJV.

“When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, ‘Out of Egypt I called My Son,’” Matt. 2:14-15, NKJV.

“Then was fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying: ‘A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, refusing to be comforted, because they are no more,’” Matt. 2:17-18, NKJV.

Similar verses are found in many of the succeeding chapters. The question at hand is—what was God’s purpose in the initiation and fulfillment of these prophecies? Certainly, Jesus could just as well have fulfilled his ministry without them! Indeed, we often see Him performing seemingly unnecessary actions simply to fulfill a prophecy. Obviously, God ascribed particular importance to this aspect of the life of Christ. This may be for a number of reasons:

1)      Those who have read and studied the Old Testament with at least a small degree of vigilance are aware that every detail of it is intended to direct us to the Messiah. Is it not, then, logical that God would emphasize this by incorporating Old Testament ideas into New Testament realities, in the form of fulfilled prophecies?

2)      Furthermore, that every detail of Christ’s life was precisely as the LORD foretold (thousands of years earlier) is a testament of itself to the omnipotence and sovereignty of God.
And finally, despite the fulfillment of these manifold prophecies before the very eyes of all the Jews, the Messiah was nonetheless condemned and crucified—at the bidding of the religious leaders themselves, who were the most knowledgeable concerning the prophecies! This, surely, is testament to the gospel truth that man is not redeemed by his own works, but by the grace of God. That, though man should immerse himself in the Scriptures and be blameless according to the Law, unless he believes upon the Lord Jesus Christ, he is damned. The doctrine of election is by no means fallacious!

Monday, September 4, 2017

Reflections on the Old Testament: Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi

The book of Haggai focuses primarily upon the temple of the LORD. In chapter one, the LORD rebukes the people for allowing His house to lie in ruins, while they themselves “dwell in paneled houses,” (see Hag. 1:4). While the LORD, indeed, gives the command for His people to rebuild the physical temple, is He not truly concerned with the spiritual temple?

“’Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying: “This people says, ‘The time has not come, the time that the LORD’s house should be built.’”’ Then the word of the LORD came by Haggai the prophet, saying, ‘Is it time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, and this temple to lie in ruins?’ Now therefore, thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Consider your ways! You have sown much, and bring in little; you eat, but do not have enough; you drink, but you are not filled with drink; you clothe yourselves, but no one is warm; and he who earns wages, earns wages to put into a bag with holes.’ Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Consider your ways! Go up to the mountains and bring wood and build the temple, that I may take pleasure in it and be glorified,’ says the LORD. ‘You looked for much, but indeed it came to little; and when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why?’ says the LORD of host. ‘Because of My house that is in ruins, while every one of you runs to his own house. Therefore the heavens above you withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit. For I called for a drought on the land and the mountains, on the grain and the new wine and the oil, on whatever the ground brings forth, on men and livestock, and on all the labor of your hands,’” Haggai 1:2-11, NKJV.

All throughout Scripture, God uses physical elements to typify spiritual truths. In chapter one of Haggai, we are warned against spiritual indolence, to which we, all too often, succumb. We see the Christian who, the foundation having been laid, puts off the building of the Lord’s temple; who, rather, builds up the flimsy “paneled house” of fleshly pleasure—leaving the temple to lie in ruins; who, having received the Holy Spirit and been placed upon the solid rock, is not satisfied—“brings in little,” eats and drinks, but “is not filled,” clothes himself, but is not warm, and “earns wages to put into a bag with holes” (the world)—because he neglects the temple of the Lord. “Consider your ways!” says the LORD of hosts. “Go up to the mountains and bring wood and build this temple, that I may take pleasure in it and be glorified…You looked for much, but indeed it came o little; and when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why? Because of My house that is in ruins, while every one of you runs to his own house.” Are we not all guilty of this? Running after the world, while the temple of the LORD lies in ruins? Seeking satisfaction elsewhere, when God has placed all we need—and more—directly before us? Are we not all guilty of, at one time or another, “running to our own house”? And doubtless many of us have seen the LORD blow it away. It comes to little, does it not? Indeed, the Lord warns us against the results of our neglect:

“Therefore the heavens above you withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit. For I called for a drought on the land and the mountains, on the grain and the wine and the oil, on whatever the ground brings forth, on men and livestock, and on all the labor of your hands,” Haggai 1:10-11.

We are not called to furnish our own house—to live for ourselves—but to build up the temple of the Lord, that He may “take pleasure in it and be glorified”; that we may bear fruit. How can we glorify God in spiritual drought?

“Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him; and the people feared the presence of the LORD. Then Haggai, the LORD’s messenger, spoke the LORD’s message to the people, saying, ‘I am with you, says the LORD.’ So the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and worked on the house of the LORD of hosts, their God…” Haggai 1:12-14.

We must obey the voice of the Lord, fear His presence, and He will indeed be with us and stir up our spirit. When our faith is newborn, are we not aflame for our Lord? And how glorious the temple is then! Beware, new believers, lest the following verse be realized in your spiritual walk:

“Who is left among you who saw this temple in its former glory? And how do you see it now? In comparison with it, is this not in your eyes as nothing?” (Haggai 2:3).

But, as the Lord admonished the Israelites concerning the temple, so He admonishes us:

“’Yet now be strong, Zerubbabel,’ says the LORD; ‘and be strong, Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest; and be strong, all you people of the land,’ says the LORD, ‘and work; for I am with you,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘According to the word that I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt, so My Spirit remains among you; do not fear!’” (Haggai 2:4-5).

Even in our indolence, the Holy Spirit remains in us—the Lord simply commands us to be strong “and work, for [He] is with [us].” Then the promise shall be fulfilled:

“For thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Once more (it is a little while) I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land; and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations, and I will fill this temple with glory,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘The glory of this latter temple shall be greater than the former,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘And in this place I will give peace,’ says the LORD of hosts,” Haggai 2:6-9.

How much more glorious is the Lord’s temple in a mature Christian than in an inexperienced one! So the Lord will strengthen us to overcome our flesh and rebuild the temple, that He may be glorified. After all, the seed is still in the barn.

“Consider now from this day forward, from the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, from the day that the foundation of the LORD’s temple was laid—consider it: is the seed still in the barn? As yet the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate, and the olive tree have not yielded fruit. But from this day I will bless you,” Haggai 2:18-19.


“Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Now, ask the priests concerning the law, saying, “If one carries holy meat in the fold of his garment, and with the edge he touches bread or stew, wine or oil, or any food, will it become holy?”’ Then the priests answered and said, ‘No.’ And Haggai said, ‘If one who is unclean because of a dead body touches any of these, will it be unclean?’ so the priests answered and said, ‘it shall be unclean.’ Then Haggai answered and said, ‘”So is this people, and so is this nation before Me,” says the LORD, “and so is every work of their hands; and what they offer there is unclean,”’” Haggai 2:12-14, NKJV.

If holy meat touches other food, that food will not became holy; but if an unclean person touches that food, it will become unclean. God uses this as an illustration of Israel. They carry “holy meat”—i.e., the covenant of the LORD, His law, etc.—but they are not holy. Rather, they have allowed the ways of the Gentiles to enter their midst and have become unclean. True holiness is transferrable only by the blood of Christ, but if we allow uncleanness to enter our midst, we become unclean. And who is this “who is unclean because of a dead body”? Did not Adam sin, becoming spiritually dead and thus unclean? And did he not “touch” us with his curse? Therefore we are unclean! Nevertheless, the Lord Jesus became unclean for us, that we might be made holy. The Law was holy, but its holiness could not be transmitted to the Israelites. Neither can it be transmitted to us—save by the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ.


“Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him. And the LORD said to Satan, ‘The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?’ Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was standing before the Angel. Then He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, ‘Take away the filthy garments from him.’ And to him He said, ‘See I have removed your iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes.’ And I said, ‘Let them put a clean turban on his head.’ So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the LORD stood by. Then the Angel of the LORD admonished Joshua, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: “If you will walk in My ways, and if you will keep My command, then you shall also judge My house, and likewise have charge of My courts; I will give you places to walk among these who stand here. Hear, O Joshua, the high priest, you and your companions who sit before you, for they are a wondrous sign; for behold, I am bringing forth My Servant the BRANCH. For behold, the stone that I have laid before Joshua: upon the stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave its inscription,” says the LORD of hosts, “And I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day. In that day,” says the LORD of hosts, “Everyone will invite his neighbor under his vine and under his fig tree,”’” Zechariah 3:1-10, NKJV.

Here we see the awesome work of the LORD: we see Joshua, clothed in filthy garments, standing before the Angel, with Satan at his right hand to oppose him (the Lord Jesus stands at the right hand of God to intercede for us, while Satan stands at our right hand to oppose us!). We see the LORD remove Joshua’s filthy garments and clothe him with rich robes, and proceed to admonish Joshua—that, if he keeps the LORD’s commandments, he will walk among the heavenly beings in the presence of the LORD. Are we not all as Joshua? Filthy, we stood before the Almighty, but He has rebuked Satan, cleansed us, and clothed us with the rich robes of His righteousness! In the final verses written above, He gives Joshua the promise of redemption: the prophecy of Christ.


The book of Zechariah is chiefly prophetic of the Messiah—as chapter 3 indicated. Note the following verses, taken from nearly every chapter:

“Therefore thus says the LORD: ‘I am returning to Jerusalem with mercy; My house shall be built in it,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘And a surveyor’s line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem.’ Again proclaim, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: “My cities shall again spread out through prosperity; the LORD will again comfort Zion, and will again choose Jerusalem,”’” Zech. 1:16-17, NKJV.

“’Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion! For behold, I am coming and I will dwell in your midst,’ says the LORD. ‘Many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and they shall become My people. And I will dwell in your midst. Then you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you. And the LORD will take possession of Judah as His inheritance in the Holy Land, and will again choose Jerusalem,’” Zech. 2:10-12.

“This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ says the LORD of hosts,” Zech. 4:6.

“The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; his hands shall also finish it. Then you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you,” Zech. 4:9.

“Behold, the Man whose name is the BRANCH! From His place He shall branch out, and He shall build the temple of the LORD; yes, He shall build the temple of the LORD. He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on His throne; so He shall be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between them both,” Zech. 6:12-13.

“Thus says the LORD: ‘I will return to Zion, and dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Jerusalem shall be called the City of Truth, the Mountain of the LORD of hosts, the Holy Mountain,’” Zech. 8:3.

“Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘In those days ten men from every language of the nations shall grasp the sleeve of a Jewish man, saying, “Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you,”’” Zech. 8:23.

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, lowly and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey. I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim and the horse from Jerusalem; the battle bow shall be cut off, He shall speak peace to the nations; His dominion shall be ‘from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth.’ As for you also, because of the blood of your covenant, I will set your prisoners free from the waterless pit. Return to the stronghold, you prisoners of hope. Even today I declare that I will restore double to you. For I have bent Judah, My bow, fitted the bow with Ephraim, and raised up your sons, O Zion, against your sons, O Greece, and made you like the sword of a mighty man,” Zech. 9:9-13.

“I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph. I will bring them back, because I have mercy on them. They shall be as though I had not cast them aside; for I am the LORD their God, and I will hear them,” Zech. 10:6.

“Then I said to them, ‘If it is agreeable to you, give me my wages; and if not, refrain.’ So they weighed out for my wages thirty pieces of silver. And the LORD said to me, ‘Throw it out to the potter’—that princely price they set on me. So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD for the potter,” Zech. 11:12-13.

“And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me who they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn,” Zech. 12:10.

“’Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, against the Man who is My Companion,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘Strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered; then I will turn My hand against the little ones,’” Zech. 13:7.

“And the LORD shall be King over all the earth. In that day it shall be—‘The LORD is one,’ and His name one,” Zech. 14:9.


“’Say to all the people of the land, and to the priests: “When you fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh months during those seventy years, did you really fast for Me—for Me? When you eat and when you drink, do you not eat and drink for yourselves? Should you not have obeyed the words which the LORD proclaimed through the former prophets when Jerusalem and the cities around it were inhabited and prosperous, and the South and the Lowland were inhabited?”’ Then the word of the LORD came to Zechariah, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: “Execute true justice, show mercy and compassion everyone to his brother. Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the alien or poor. Let none of you plan evil in his heart against his brother.” But they refused to heed, shrugged their shoulders, and stopped their ears so that they could not hear. Yes, they made their hearts like flint, refusing to hear the law and the words which the LORD of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets. Thus great wrath came from the LORD of hosts,’” Zech. 7:5-12, NKJV.

“’For thus says the LORD of hosts: “Just as I determined to punish you when your fathers provoked Me to wrath,” says the LORD of hosts, “And I would not relent, so again in these days I am determined to do good to Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. Do not fear. These are the things you shall do: speak each man the truth to his neighbor; give judgment in your gates for truth, justice, and peace; let none of you think evil in your heart against your neighbor; and do not love a false oath. For all these are things that I hate,” says the LORD.’ Then the word of the LORD of hosts came to me, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: “The fast of the fourth month, the fast of the fifth, the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be joy and gladness and cheerful feasts for the house of Judah. Therefore love truth and peace,”’” Zech. 8:14-19, NKJV.

Note the contrast here: in the first case, the Israelites adhered to religious ceremony but did not obey the word of the LORD—therefore, the LORD’s wrath came upon them. In the second case, the LORD is “determined to do good to Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.” Is not the LORD ruler of the hearts of men? Therefore, if He is determined to do good, He will see to it that His people heed His commandments—that, in obeying His word, their ceremonies may become no longer fasts and mourning, but “cheerful feasts.”


“’Who is there even among you who would shut the doors, so that you would not kindle fire on My altar in vain? I have no pleasure in you,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘Nor will I accept an offering from your hands. For from the rising of the sun, even to its going down, My name shall be great among the Gentiles; in every place incense shall be offered to My name, and a pure offering; for My name shall be great among the nations,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘But you profane it, in that you say, “The table of the LORD is defiled; and its fruit, its food, is contemptible,”’” Malachi 1:10-12, NKJV.

The LORD set His glory upon Israel—but they despised it. We see their rejection of him all throughout Scripture—building up from the days of Moses and culminating in the days of Jesus, who “came unto His own and His own received Him not.” Therefore, the LORD, through Jesus Christ, sets His glory upon the Gentiles (see Mal. 1:11). God forbid that we should despise His amazing gift! God forbid that we should profane His name!

“’But you profane it, in that you say, “The table of the LORD is defiled; and its fruit, its food, is contemptible.” You also say, “Oh, what a weariness!” and you sneer at it,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘And you bring the stolen, the lame, and the sick; thus you bring an offering! Should I accept this from your hand?’ says the LORD. ‘But cursed by the deceiver who has in his flock a male, and takes a vow, but sacrifices to the Lord what is blemished—for I am a great King,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘And My name is to be feared among the nations,’” Mal. 1:12-14.

Rather, let us “take to heart” the commandment He has given us:

“’And now, O priests, this commandment is for you. If you will not hear, and if you will not take it to heart, to give glory to My name,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘I will send a curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings. Yes, I have cursed them already, because you do not take it to heart,” Mal. 2:1-2.

And, in verses 6-7, we see the LORD’s desire for us, as Christians:

“The law of truth was in his mouth, and injustice was not found on his lips. He walked with Me in peace and equity, and turned many away from iniquity. For the lips of a priest should keep knowledge, and people should seek the law from his mouth; for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts,” Mal. 2:6-7.

Is it not our duty to keep the law of truth? To turn many away from iniquity? Are we not messengers of the LORD of hosts? Ambassadors of the kingdom of heaven? Sadly, many modern Christians fall into the following verse: “’But you have departed from the way; you have caused many to stumble at the law. You have corrupted the covenant of Levi,’ says the LORD of hosts,” (Mal. 2:8).

Corruption in the church—sounds familiar, does it not? Note Malachi 2:10-12:

“Have we not all one Father? Has not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously with one another by profaning the covenant of the fathers? Judah has dealt treacherously, and an abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem, for Judah has profaned the LORD’s holy institution which He loves; he has married the daughter of a foreign god. May the LORD cut off from the tents of Jacob the man who does this, being awake and aware, yet who brings an offering to the LORD of hosts!”

For shame, if we, as the church, marry into the world! As the body of Christ, have we not one Head? Yet we are divided. God calls it “profaning the covenant of the fathers”; “profaning the holy institution which He loves,” and “an abomination.” We attempt to marry the “body of Christ” to the daughter of a foreign god—then bring an offering to the Lord and expect Him to accept it! “May the LORD cut off from the tents of Jacob the man who does this!” Have we not one Father? One God? Are we not “awake and aware”? Then let us keep the covenant! God forbid that it be said of the church: “And this is the second thing you do: you cover the altar of the LORD with tears, with weeping and crying; so He does not regard the offering anymore, nor receive it with goodwill from your hands,” (Mal. 2:13).

But note Malachi 3:3-4, which say of the LORD: “He will sit as a refiner and a purifier of silver; He will purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer to the LORD an offering in righteousness. Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasant to the LORD, as in the days of old, as in former years.”

The Lord has purified us with His blood—let us then keep His commandments, that He may take pleasure in our offering.

“’Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be food in My house, and try Me now in this,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘If I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you such blessing that there will not be room enough to receive it. And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, so that he will not destroy the fruit of your ground, nor shall the vine fail to bear fruit for you in the field,’ says the LORD of hosts; ‘And all nations will call you blessed, for you will be a delightful land,’ says the LORD of hosts,” Mal. 3:10-12.
“Then those who feared the LORD spoke to one another, and the LORD listened and heard them; so a book of remembrance was written before Him for those who fear the LORD and who meditate on His name. ‘They shall be Mine,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘On the day I make them My jewels. And I will spare them as a man spares his own son who serves him.’ Then you shall again discern between the righteous and the wicked, between one who serves God and one who does not serve Him,” Mal. 3:16-18.

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Reflections on the Old Testament: Micah, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah

“Is the Spirit of the LORD restricted? Are these His doings? Do not My words do good to him who walks uprightly?” Micah 2:7, NKJV.

“But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of the LORD, and of justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin,” Micah 3:8, NKJV.

The house of Jacob knew the Word of the LORD. The priests, at any rate, knew the Law by heart, and God continually sent prophets to the people. In short, they were without excuse. Nevertheless, throughout the book of Micah, we see the LORD’s wrath poured out upon the Israelite leaders, who mercilessly persecute the prophets and abuse their God-given authority over the people.

“Woe to those who devise iniquity, and work out evil on their beds! At morning light they practice it, because it is in the power of their hand. They covet fields and take them by violence, also houses, and seize them. So they oppress a man and his house, a man and his inheritance,” Micah 2:1-2, NKJV.

And when terror strikes them, they feign amazement. They are like those who say: “Lord, Lord,” but the Lord replies: “Depart from Me…I never knew you.” They are well-versed in the letter of the law, but, having no understanding of the spirit, they corrupt the supposed power of education to rob the rights of the ignorant.

“Lately My people have risen up as an enemy—you pull off the robe with the garment from those who trust you, as they pass by, like men returned from war. The women of My people you cast out from their pleasant houses; from their children you have taken away My glory forever,” Micah 2:8-9.

Therefore, the LORD sends His prophets to teach His people the truth, that they may not be led astray by the “false spirit” of the religious leaders. (See Mic. 2:11.)

“’Do not prattle,’ you say to those who prophesy. So they shall not prophesy to you; they shall not return insult for insult. You who are named the house of Jacob: ‘Is the Spirit of the LORD restricted? Are these His doings? Do not My words do good to him who walks uprightly?” Micah 2:6-7.

The bottom line is—the Israelite leaders knew the LORD’s words, but did not understand them; and to those who would explain it to them, they said: “Do not prattle.” They took the Holy Word of God—and interpreted it with a false spirit. O foolish man, only the Spirit of the LORD can correctly interpret His Word! Had you walked uprightly, “you who are named the house of Jacob,” His words would have done good unto you, as they did unto Micah, who says in verse 8 of chapter 3: “But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of the LORD, and of justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin.” But because you walked corruptly, the LORD says unto you: “Arise and depart, for this is not your rest; because it is defiled, it shall destroy, yes, with utter destruction. If a man should walk in a false spirit and speak a lie, saying, ‘I will prophesy to you of wine and drink,’ even he would be the prattler of this people,’” Micah 2:10-11.

Note Micah 3, which makes my whole point clearer than I could ever do:

“And I said: ‘Hear now, O heads of Jacob, and you rulers of the house of Israel: is it not for you to know justice? You who hate good and love evil; who strip the skin from My people, and the flesh from their bones; who also eat the flesh of My people, flay their skin from them, break their bones, and chop them in pieces like meat for the pot, like flesh in the caldron.’ Then they will cry to the LORD, but He will not hear them; He will even hide His face from them at that time, because they have been evil in their deeds. Thus says the LORD concerning the prophets who make my people stray; who chant ‘Peace,’ while they chew with their teeth, but who prepare war against him who puts nothing into their mouths: ‘Therefore you shall have night without vision, and you shall have darkness without divination; the sun shall go down on the prophets, and the day shall be dark for them. So the seers shall be ashamed, and the diviners abashed; indeed they shall all cover their lips; for there is no answer from God.’ But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of the LORD, and of justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression, and to Israel his sin. Now hear this, you heads of the house of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel, who abhor justice and pervert all equity, who build up Zion with bloodshed and Jerusalem with iniquity: her heads judge for a bribe, her priests teach for pay, and her prophets divine for money. Yet they lean on the LORD, and say, ‘is not the LORD among us? No harm can come upon us.’ Therefore because of you Zion shall be plowed like a field, Jerusalem shall become heaps of ruins, and the mountain of the temple like the bare hills of the forest.”


“Woe is me! For I am like those who gather summer fruits, like those who glean vintage grapes; there is no cluster to eat of the first-ripe fruit which my soul desires. The faithful man has perished from the earth, and there is no one upright among men. They all lie in wait for blood; every man hunts his brother with a net. That they may successfully do evil with both hands—the prince asks for gifts, the judge seeks a bribe, and the great man utters his evil desire; so they scheme together. The best of them is like a brier; the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge; the day of your watchman and your punishment comes; now shall be their perplexity. Do not trust in a friend; do not put your confidence in a companion; guard the doors of your mouth from her who lies in your bosom. For son dishonors father, daughter rises against her mother, daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; a man’s enemies are the men of his own household. Therefore I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation; my God will hear me,” Micah 7:1-7, NKJV.

Thus the prophet bemoans the wickedness of man, the instability of all earthly alliances. Note the first verse: “Woe is me! For I am like those who gather summer fruits, like those who glean vintage grapes; there is no cluster to eat of the first-ripe fruit which my soul desires.” Given the context of this verse, it is not difficult to infer the prophet’s meaning: he seeks righteousness among mankind and puts his faith in loved ones. He seeks out the best and most admirable among man—“gathering summer fruits and gleaning vintage grapes”—but does not find “the first-ripe fruit which his soul desires.” Indeed, in verse 4, he says: “The best of them is like a brier; the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge….” Thus, he comes to grips with the depravity of man and urges his readers not to place their trust even in the most admirable and beloved of mankind, but, rather, he concludes in verse 7: “Therefore I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation; my God will hear me.” And, in verses 8-9, he further urges us to trust in the LORD, as our salvation and the true source of righteousness: “Do not rejoice over me, my enemy; when I fall, I will arise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD will be a light to me. I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against Him, until He pleads my case and executes justice for me. He will bring me forth to the light; I will see His righteousness.” In effect, we are warned of the depravity of man and urged to “look to the LORD,” who alone is able to lead us, and our loved ones, from darkness and sin to righteousness and light.

“Who is a God like You, pardoning iniquity and passing over the transgression of the remnant of His heritage? He does not retain His anger forever, Because He delights in mercy. He will again have compassion on us, and will subdue our iniquities. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea,” Micah 7:18-19.


“O LORD, how long shall I cry, and You will not hear? Even cry out to You, ‘Violence!’ And You will not save. Why do You show me iniquity, and cause me to see trouble? For plundering and violence are before me; there is strife, and contention arises. Therefore the law is powerless, and justice never goes forth. For the wicked surround the righteous; therefore perverse judgment proceeds. ‘Look among the nations and watch—be utterly astounded. For I will work a work in your days which you would not believe, though it were told you,’” Habakkuk 1:2-5, NKJV.

With our limited understanding, we are wont, as Habakkuk, to question the LORD’s motives for allowing what, to our eyes, appears to be senseless trouble. Note, however, that Habakkuk did not question the LORD’s control, as, indeed, we often do; but, rather, why He would not hear, would not save, showed him iniquity, and caused him to see trouble. Indeed, Habakkuk clearly acknowledges the sovereignty of the LORD, but, given his limited perspective, seeks enlightenment, that his soul may no longer be troubled. Thus, the LORD answers him in verse 5: “Look among the nations and watch—be utterly astounded! For I will work a work in your days which you would not believe, though it were told you.” And He proceeds to tell him of the coming invasion of the Chaldeans. A strange response to Habakkuk’s question, perhaps (“Why do You show me iniquity, and cause me to see trouble?”)—but God has called it a great work, and, in verse 11, says of the Chaldean people: “Then his mind changes, and he transgresses; he commits offense, ascribing this power to his god.” This seems to be the key verse for Habakkuk, for in the following verse, he makes this response: “Are you not from everlasting, O LORD my God, my Holy One? We shall not die. O LORD, You have appointed them for judgment; O Rock, You have marked them for correction.” Here Habakkuk expresses a simple truth which we find time and time again throughout the Scriptures—that the LORD protects the lives of His righteous ones (I speak in spiritual terms), but the wicked He has appointed for judgment. The trouble we see before us is temporary. Let the wicked have their reward here below—they will receive no other. Nevertheless, Habakkuk has more questions:

“You are of purer eyes than to behold evil, and cannot look on wickedness. Why do You look on those who deal treacherously, and hold Your tongue when the wicked devours a person more righteous than he? Why do You make men like fish of the sea, like creeping things that have no ruler over them? They take up all of them with a hook, they catch them in their net, and gather them in their dragnet. Therefore they sacrifice to their net, and burn incense to their dragnet; because by them their share is sumptuous and their food plentiful. Shall they therefore empty their net, and continue to slay nations without pity?” Hab. 1:13-17.

“Why,” he essentially asks, “does the LORD look upon wickedness—and do nothing?” Verses 15-16 are, in a way, a paraphrase of what God said concerning the Chaldeans in verses 6-11: viz., that the LORD gives a people power, but the people ascribe this power to their own false god (see Hab. 1:11). Habakkuk knows that the God who “raised up the Chaldeans” is able, also, to bring them down. Indeed, he believes entirely in God’s “appointed judgment” upon them (see Hab. 1:12)—but, in the meantime, shall the LORD indeed “look on those who deal treacherously, and hold [His] tongue when the wicked devours a person more righteous than he?”

Why does He make His people “like fish of the sea, like creeping things that have no ruler over them,” and allow them to be caught in the nets of the Chaldeans—who ascribe this power to their false gods? “Shall they therefore empty their net, and continue to slay nations without pity?” But note verse 1 of chapter 2, in which Habakkuk says: “I will stand my watch and set myself on the rampart, and watch to see what He will say to me, and what I will answer when I am corrected.” We can all learn a valuable lesson from Habakkuk—who is not afraid to inquire of the LORD concerning that which he does not understand, yet never doubts His omnipotence or His goodness (see Hab. 1:12-13), and acknowledges himself as the one in error, the one in need of correction (Hab. 2:1). The LORD will answer one with such an attitude. He grants wisdom to those who seek it:

“Then the LORD answered me and said: ‘Write the vision and make it plain on tablets, that he may run who reads it. For the vision is yet for an appointed time; but at the end it will speak, and it will not lie. Though it tarries, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry. Behold the proud, his soul is not upright in him; but the just shall live by his faith. Indeed, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, and he does not stay at home. because he enlarges his desire as hell, and he is like death, and cannot be satisfied, he gathers to himself all nations and heaps up for himself all peoples. Will not all these take up a proverb against him, and a taunting riddle against him and say, “Woe to him who increases what is not his—how long? And to him who loads himself with many pledges”? will not your creditors rise up suddenly? Will they not awaken who oppress you? And you will become their booty. Because you have plundered many nations, all the remnant of the people shall plunder you, because of men’s blood and the violence of the land and the city, and of all who dwell in it. Woe to him who covets evil gain for his house, that he may set his nest on high, that he may be delivered from the power of disaster! You give shameful counsel to your house, cutting off many peoples, and sin against your soul. For the stone will cry out from the wall, and the beam from the timbers will answer it. Woe to him who builds a town with bloodshed, who establishes a city by iniquity! Behold, is it not of the LORD of hosts that the peoples labor to feed the fire, and nations weary themselves in vain? For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. Woe to him who gives drink to his neighbor, pressing him to your bottle, even to make him drunk, that you may look on his nakedness! You are filled with shame instead of glory. You also—drink! And be exposed as uncircumcised! The cup of the LORD’s right hand will be turned against you, and utter shame will be on your glory. For the violence done to Lebanon will cover you, and the pounder of beasts which made them afraid, because of men’s blood and the violence of the land and the city, and of all who dwell in it. What profit is the image, that its maker should carve it, the molded image, a teacher of lies, that the maker of its mold should trust in it, to make mute idols? Woe to him who says to wood, “Awake!” To silent stone, “Arise! It shall teach!” Behold, it is overlaid with gold and silver, yet in it there is no breath at all. But the LORD is in His holy temple. Let all the earth keep silent before Him,’” Habakkuk 2:2-20.

To this, Habakkuk replies: “O LORD, I have heard Your speech and was afraid; O LORD, revive Your work in the midst of the years! In the midst of the years make it known; in wrath remember mercy,” (Hab. 3:2). And, of course, the LORD does remember mercy—“in the midst of the years,” “in wrath”—as Habakkuk notes in verses 12-13 of chapter 3: “You marched through the land in indignation; You trampled the nations in anger. You went forth for the salvation of Your people, for salvation with Your Anointed. You struck the head from the house of the wicked, by laying bare from foundation to neck.” Indeed, the wicked one may have bruised our Lord’s heel, but He has crushed his head! Thus Habakkuk concludes: that with God there is wrath and judgment, but also great mercy.

“When I heard, my body trembled; my lips quivered at the voice; rottenness entered my bones; and I trembled in myself, that I might rest in the day of trouble. When he comes up to the people, he will invade them with his troops. Though the fig tree may not blossom, nor fruit be on the vines; though the labor of the olive may fail, and the fields yield no food; though the flock may be cut off from the fold, and there be no herd in the stalls—yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will joy in the God of my salvation. The LORD God is my strength; He will make my feet like deer’s feet, and He will make me walk on my high hills,” Habakkuk 3:16-19.


“’I will utterly consume everything from the face of the land,’ says the LORD; ‘I will consume man and beast; I will consume the birds of the heaven, the fish of the sea, and the stumbling blocks along with the wicked. I will cut off man from the face of the land,’ says the LORD. ‘I will stretch out My hand against Judah, and against all the inhabitants of Jerusalem. I will cut off every trace of Baal from this place, the names of the idolatrous priests with the pagan priests—those who worship the host of heaven on the housetops; those who worship and swear oaths by the LORD, but who also swear by Milcom; those who have turned back from following the LORD, and have not sought the LORD, nor inquired of Him,’” Zephaniah 1:2-6, NKJV.

“The great day of the LORD is near; it is near and hastens quickly. The noise of the day of the LORD is bitter; there the mighty men shall cry out. That day is a day of trouble and distress, a day of devastation and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, a day of trumpet and alarm against the fortified cities and against the high towers. ‘I will bring distress upon men, and they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD; their blood shall be poured out like dust, and their flesh like refuse.’ Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD’s wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of His jealousy, for He will make speedy riddance of all those who dwell in the land,” Zeph. 1:14-18, NKJV.

So begins the book of Zephaniah. Indeed, similar beginnings are prevalent in all the books of the minor prophets. If one reads the Scriptures often, distinct patterns inevitably present themselves—patterns that invariably point to the salvation plan: viz., that “God made man upright,” that man fell and came under the wrath of God, but that God, being merciful, “prepared a sacrifice” (see Zeph. 1:7) to redeem His fallen creation, that those who do not accept this sacrifice will remain under the wrath of God. Creation. Fall. Redemption. Final Judgment. A simple pattern that is repeated and firmly established all throughout Scripture. In the opening text of Zephaniah, we see that man has, indeed, fallen, and that judgment is pronounced upon him. But we also see the telltale signs of God’s redemption plan—as in Zeph. 1:7, “Be silent in the presence of the LORD God; for the day of the LORD is at hand, for the LORD has prepared a sacrifice; He has invited His guests.” Furthermore, note the opening verses of chapter two: “Gather yourselves together, yes, gather together, O undesirable nation, before the decree is issued, or the day passes like chaff, before the LORD’s fierce anger comes upon you, before the day of the LORD’s anger comes upon you! Seek the LORD, all you meek of the earth, who have upheld His justice. Seek righteousness, seek humility. It may be that you will be hidden in the day of the LORD’s anger,” (Zeph. 2:1-3). Here we are clearly warned that the final judgment is coming, but that the LORD has prepared salvation for those who seek Him. And in verses 5-7, we see the stark contrast of judgment and redemption, which appears almost as a contradiction: “Woe to the inhabitants of the seacoast, the nation of the Cherethites! The word of the LORD is against you, O Canaan, land of the Philistines: ‘I will destroy you; so there shall be no inhabitant.’ The seacoast shall be pastures, with shelters for shepherds and folds for flocks. The coast shall be for the remnant of the house of Judah; they shall feed their flocks there; in the houses of Ashkelon they shall lie down at evening. For the LORD their God will intervene for them, and return their captives.” Is this not the very heart of the matter? That we are under the wrath of God, alienated from Him, captives of sin—but He has intervened for us?

The LORD then proceeds to contrast the redeemed with the condemned, to contrast His power with the false power of man: “’I have heard the reproach of Moab, and the insults of the people of Ammon, with which they have reproached My people, and made arrogant threats against their borders. Therefore, as I live,’ says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘surely Moab shall be like Sodom, and the people of Ammon like Gomorrah—overrun with weeds and saltpits, and a perpetual desolation. The residue of My people shall plunder them, and the remnant of My people shall possess them.’ This they shall have for their pride, because they have made arrogant threats against the people of the LORD of hosts. The LORD will be awesome to them, for He will reduce to nothing all the gods of the earth; people shall worship Him, each one from his place, indeed all the shores of the nations,” (Zeph. 2:8-11).

He concludes the book of Zephaniah with a message of hope: “’Therefore wait for Me,’ says the LORD, ‘until the day I rise up for plunder; My determination is to gather the nations to My assembly of kingdoms, to pour on them My indignation, all My fierce anger; all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of My jealousy. For then I will restore to the peoples a pure language, that they all may call on the name of the LORD, to serve Him with one accord,’” (Zeph. 3:8-9).

“Wait for Me,” says the LORD, “I will administer justice.” “For then I will restore….” We see the extent of His amazing grace:

“From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia My worshipers, the daughter of My dispersed ones, shall bring My offering. In that day you shall not be shamed for any of your deeds in which you transgress against Me; for then I will take away from your midst those who rejoice in your pride, and you shall no longer be haughty in My holy mountain. I will leave in your midst a meek and humble people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD. The remnant of Israel shall do no unrighteousness and speak no lies, nor shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth; for they shall feed their flocks and lie down, and no one shall make them afraid,” (Zeph. 3: 10-13).

And, finally, His great promise:
“Sing, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O Israel! Be glad and rejoice with all your heart, O daughter of Jerusalem! The LORD has taken away your judgments, He has cast out your enemy. The King of Israel, the LORD, is in your midst; you shall see disaster no more. In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem: ‘Do not fear; Zion, let not your hands be weak. The LORD your God in your midst, the Mighty One, will save; He will rejoice over you with gladness, He will quiet you with His love, He will rejoice over you with singing.’ ‘I will gather those who sorrow over the appointed assembly, who are among you, to whom its reproach is a burden. Behold, at that time I will deal with all who afflict you; I will save the lame, and gather those who were driven out; I will appoint them for praise and fame in every land where they were put to shame. At that time I will bring you back, even at that time I gather you; for I will give you fame and praise among all the peoples of the earth, when I return your captives before your eyes,’ says the LORD,” (Zeph. 3: 14-20).

Saturday, July 1, 2017

Reflections on the Old Testament: Hosea

 “Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked by human precept,” Hosea 5:11, NKJV.

How much sorrow might have been avoided if Ephraim had simply trusted in his God! But, alas, he trusted in man—nor was he deceived, nor bribed into it, but he willingly walked by human precept. How vile, how low, to reject the counsel of the almighty God and joyfully embrace the empty philosophies of the world! To exchange glory and wisdom for shame and folly! And yet, is there anyone among us who is not guilty of the same? Alas, for Ephraim is no more wicked than we. Therefore, the LORD says: “I will return again to My place till they acknowledge their offense. Then they will seek My face; in their affliction they will earnestly seek Me,” (Hosea 5:15). When we eat the fruits of our folly, will we then repent? When we are “oppressed and broken in judgment”? Even “in our affliction,” it is by God’s grace alone that we “acknowledge our offense.” And then, what horror! What revulsion and hatred of our manifold sins, when once our eyes are opened! And how ashamed we are in the presence of the Almighty, whom we have so cruelly wronged! Yet how desperately we yearn for His Spirit! Note the following verses:

“Come, and let us return to the LORD; for He has torn, but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up. After two days He will revive us; on the third day He will raise us up, that we may live in His sight,” Hosea 6:1-2, NKJV. (Notice: “After three days He will raise us up”—is not the old man crucified, and raised with Christ to walk in newness of life?) To this, the LORD replies: “O Ephraim, what shall I do to you? O Judah, what shall I do to you? For your faithfulness is like a morning cloud, and like the early dew it goes away. Therefore I have hewn them by the prophets, I have slain them by the words of My mouth; and your judgments are like light that goes forth. For I desire mercy and not sacrifice, and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings,” Hosea 6:4-6.

What are our prayers, what is our faithfulness? A morning cloud, the early dew—lingering in the pleasant dawn, and then dissipating in the heat of the day. Does the LORD not perceive this? Does He not see the depth of our hearts, and know that we cannot stand? Therefore His Word must hew and slay us, stroke by stroke, until our judgments are like light that goes forth, and mercy and the knowledge of God replace empty sacrifices and burnt offerings. Does not the psalmist say: “You do not desire sacrifice, or else I would give it; You do not delight in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart—these, O God, You will not despise” (Psalm 51:16-17, NKJV)? Our spirit is broken by the Word of God. That swift and terrible two-edged sword. Nevertheless, “let us return to the LORD; for He has torn, but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up.”

“Sow for yourselves righteousness; reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground, for it is time to seek the LORD, till He comes and rains righteousness on you. You have plowed wickedness; you have reaped iniquity. You have eaten the fruit of lies, because you trusted in your own way, in the multitude of your mighty men,” Hosea 10:12-13, NKJV.


“I will not execute the fierceness of my anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim. For I am God, and not man, the Holy One in your midst; and I will not come with terror,” Hosea 11:9, NKJV.

Here the LORD establishes an important distinction between Himself and man—viz., His divine capacity for mercy. We observe, particularly in the books of the prophets, the fierce judgment the LORD pronounces upon Israel. And yet, in the midst of this, there is a consistent undertone of divine sorrow, compassion, and unquenchable love. Note Hosea 11:5-8 as one of many examples:

“He shall not return to the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to repent. And the sword shall slash in his cities, devour his districts, and consume them, because of their own counsels. My people are bent on backsliding from Me. Though they call to the Most High, none at all exalt Him. How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I set you like Zeboiim? My heart churns within Me; my sympathy is stirred.”

Furthermore, the conclusion of nearly every prophetic book is a promise of restoration and salvation of a remnant. If a mankind were given the power to destroy Ephraim , would he not do so, not once or even twice, but a thousand times over, simply because he was able? Indeed, man, when given power, is merciless. Seeking not to defend and uphold righteousness, but to squander whatever power he possesses on his own lusts. But the wrath of the Almighty God is ever righteous—provoked by the wickedness of our depraved race—and He will execute justice. Nevertheless, though He has power to obliterate our pathetic existence, He will relent. Not because we turn to Him of ourselves or because we possess even the faintest shred of righteousness (without God, this is impossible), but because He is merciful and compassionate, because He is “God, and not man, the Holy One in your midst.” O man, frail and wicked, be ever so humble! Be ever so grateful that this God is Almighty! How very wretched and desolate would be our lot if God did not govern the hearts of men!


“When Ephraim spoke, trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended through Baal worship, he died,” Hosea 13:1, NKJV.

What awful judgment awaits those who reject God! What utter condemnation is pronounced upon the unrepentant sinner! We are no better than Ephraim. Do we not daily show greater preference to the things of the world than to the things of God? Do we not offend through Baal worship, just as Ephraim? And are we not utterly deserving of death—i.e., eternal separation from God? Most certainly! Such is the “awful judgment” pronounced upon our race from the fateful moment of Adam’s sin! Nevertheless, in verse four of this same chapter, we see, once again, the great mercy and love of the Almighty, as He declares:

“Yet I am the LORD your God ever since the land of Egypt, and you shall know no God but Me; for there is no savior besides Me.”

And further, in verse fourteen:

“I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death. O Death, I will be your plagues! O Grave, I will be your destruction! Pity is hidden from My eyes.”

What a joyous message this is for sinners! Behold, the vengeance the Lord wreaks upon death and the grave! Behold, the redemption and salvation of the natural man—made possible only by the blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of the Almighty God! O foolish man, you will never know the full extent of His pain, the acuity of His suffering. Let His commandment, then, be sufficient:

“You shall know no other God but Me; for there is no savior besides Me.”

“O Israel, return to the LORD your God, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity; take words with you, and return to the LORD. Say to Him, ‘take away all iniquity; receive us graciously, for we will offer the sacrifices of our lips. Assyria shall no save us, we will not ride on horses, nor will we say anymore to the work of our hands, “You are our gods.” For in You the fatherless finds mercy.’ ‘I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely, for My anger has turned away from him. I will be like the dew to Israel; he shall grow like the lily, and lengthen his roots like Lebanon. His branches shall spread; his beauty shall be like an olive tree, and his fragrance like Lebanon. Those who dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall be revived like grain, and grow like a vine. Their scent shall be like the wine of Lebanon. Ephraim shall say, “what have I to do anymore with idols?” I have heard and observed him. I am like a green cypress tree; your fruit is found in Me.’ Who is wise? Let him understand these things. Who is prudent? Let him know them. For the ways of the LORD are right; the righteous walk in them, but transgressors stumble in them,” Hosea 14, NKJV.

Friday, June 2, 2017

Reflections on the Old Testament: Daniel

It becomes evident very early on that the main point emphasized in the book of Daniel is that God alone grants knowledge, wisdom, and understanding. Moreover, all throughout the Bible we see a pattern in the men to whom God grants these great gifts—the key verse in the book of Daniel, for example, is: “Do not fear, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand, and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard….”(Daniel 10:12, NKJV.) 1) “Daniel set his heart to understand”: what exactly is meant by this statement? Jeremiah 17:9 denotes the heart as “wicked and deceitful above all things”—therefore, how can Daniel himself set his heart to understand? By surrendering it entirely to God. “The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom,” Prov. 9:10. 2) “Daniel humbled himself before God”: in other words, he recognized his lowly estate, his unworthiness to receive the Holy Spirit, and surrendered himself as vile clay which the Potter might either cast out or form into a vessel according to His own sovereign will. The question is, how exactly did Daniel reach this stage? We know that the natural man, which Daniel most certainly was, of himself, is not so constituted as to reach a state of total submission and humility. We must assume a divine intervention.

In other words, Daniel was a chosen vessel, which God lovingly and mercifully formed and equipped with the necessary disposition to fulfill a specific purpose. It is crucial to understand that Daniel was simply a man—a sinner, condemned to death—but by the grace of God, he received the Holy Spirit (this is verified numerous times throughout the book of Daniel—see Daniel 4:8-9, Daniel 5:14) and became a “greatly beloved,” (Daniel 9:23). As for Daniel’s purpose, or “gift,” as the Apostle Paul would say, it is obvious that God granted to him “the skill to understand.” One may argue, however, that this is the role of the Holy Spirit in each one of us. And so it is—but to each one of us it reveals a specific branch of understanding. Daniel’s gift was to understand visions. God revealed to him the meaning of the king’s dreams as well as secrets of the end times, giving him power not only to understand the visions, but to understand their purpose: “But as for me, this secret has not been revealed to me because I have more wisdom than anyone living, but for our sakes who make known the interpretation to the king, and that you may know the thoughts of your heart,” Daniel 2:30. O foolish wretches that we are! What reason have we to be haughty? When will we realize that we are not granted understanding because of our own wisdom, but because we are instruments of God’s will? And when will we realize that we are not instruments of God’s will because of our own righteousness, but because of God’s great mercies? (See Daniel 9:18.) We stand astonished at Daniel’s humility, at his constant, untiring devotion to God. But to see the visions God showed him! If, by experience alone, a man can be utterly and permanently humbled, Daniel’s experiences would certainly have done so. To see the Ancient of Days enthroned, to hear the doom of the latter days, sealed and irrevocable, to converse with archangels and observe visions that leave one faint and sick for days—oh! How little we know! How small and insignificant we are in the grander scheme of things! As pious Christians, we greatly admire and often attempt to imitate the praises that Moses, King David, the prophets, and, yes, Daniel, offered up to the LORD—but seldom, if ever, do we realize their significance and truth as acutely as Daniel did. Studying the supernatural experiences of Daniel gives us an enlightened perspective of his words and actions throughout the book.

The point of this discourse is by no means to belittle Daniel or to suggest that, under the right circumstances, “anyone can be a Daniel,” but simply to emphasize the basic truth that man does not obtain greatness by his own merit but by the will of God. God made Daniel a great man. God made him one of the elite, out of all His servants, not because he was “special,” but because such was God’s sovereign will. It is essential to understand that Daniel, himself, was merely a man. It is essential to understand that God raises up whom He will and lowers whom He will, but we are all members of the same Body—members of a glorious, perfect Body, in which there is no place for pride. “If your right hand causes you to sin,” the Lord tacitly commands, “cut it off.” Understanding that it is not by any merit of our own that we are granted righteousness and the gifts of the Holy Spirit, we can only humbly receive that which the Lord Jesus mercifully bestows upon us and, like Daniel, dutifully fulfill the task apportioned to us—keeping this truth ever in mind: “But as for me, this secret has not been revealed to me because I have more wisdom than anyone living, but for our sakes who make known the interpretation to the king, and that you may know the thoughts of your heart,” (Daniel 2:30). Let us understand that spiritual gifts are not earned, but given (hence the name) by God for our own sakes and for the sakes of those to whom we minister. Another testament of God’s mercy.

Daniel is a humbling book. From Nebuchadnezzar’s seven years in the wilderness to Daniel’s visions of the end times, it reminds us just how small we are and how utterly dependent we are upon God. It reminds us that the “Most High rules in the kingdom of men and gives it to whomever He chooses,” (Dan. 4:25), that He “holds your breath in His hand and owns all your ways,” (Dan. 5:23), and that “to us belongs shame of face, to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, because we have sinned against You. To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, though we have rebelled against Him,” (Dan. 9:8-9).

I will conclude with a selection of verses which ought to get the point across better than anything I can say:

“Daniel answered and said: ‘Blessed be the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and might are His. And He changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and raises up kings; He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding. He reveals deep and secret things; He knows what is in the darkness, and light dwells with Him. I thank You and praise You, O God of my fathers; You have given me wisdom and might, and have now made known to me what we asked of You, for You have made known to us the king’s demand,’” Daniel 2:20-23, NKJV.

“This decision is by the decree of the watchers, and the sentence by the word of the holy ones, in order that the living may know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, gives it to whomever He will, and sets over it the lowest of men,” Daniel 4:17, NKJV.

“I have heard of you, that the Spirit of God is in you, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom are found in you,” Daniel 5:14, NKJV.

“I was watching; and the same horn was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom,” Daniel 7:21-22, NKJV.

“O my God, incline Your ear and hear; open Your eyes and see our desolations, and the city which is called by Your name; for we do not present our supplications before You because of our righteous deeds, but because of Your great mercies,” Daniel 9:18, NKJV.

“…And at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone who is found written in the book. And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, some to shame and everlasting contempt. Those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the firmament, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever,” Daniel 12:1-3, NKJV.
“Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand,” Daniel 12:10, NKJV.